The Annotated Constitution

The Constitution
of the
United States of America

Analysis and Interpretation

Analysis of Cases Decided by the
Supreme Court of the United States
to June 28, 2002

Prepared by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress
Johnny H. Killian, George A. Costello, Kenneth R. Thomas, Co-Editors
David M. Ackerman, Henry Cohen, Robert Meltz, Contributors

U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington : 2004

Public Law 91-589: Authorization
Introduction to the 2002 Edition
Historical Note on Formation of the Constitution

Proposed Amendments not Ratified by the States

The Annotated Constitution

Article I. Legislative Department
Article II. Executive Department
Article III. Judicial Department
Article IV. States’ Relations
Article V. Mode of Amendment
Article VI. Prior Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths of Office
Article VII. Ratification

The Annotated Amendments

The Bill of Rights

First Amendment: Religion and Expression
Second Amendment: Bearing Arms
Third Amendment: Quartering Soldiers
Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure
Fifth Amendment: Rights of Persons
Sixth Amendment: Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions
Seventh Amendment: Civil Trials
Eighth Amendment: Further Guarantees in Criminal Cases
Ninth Amendment: Unenumerated Rights
Tenth Amendment: Reserved Powers

Eleventh Amendment: Suits against States
Twelfth Amendment: Election of President
Thirteenth Amendment: Slavery and Involuntary Servitude
Fourteenth Amendment: Rights Guaranteed; Privileges and Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection
Fifteenth Amendment: Rights of Citizens to Vote
Sixteenth Amendment: Income Tax
Seventeenth Amendment: Popular Election of Senators
Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibition of Intoxicating Liquors
Nineteenth Amendment: Women’s Suffrage Rights
Twentieth Amendment: Terms of President, Vice President, Members of Congress; Presidential Vacancy
Twenty-First Amendment: Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment
Twenty-Second Amendment: Presidential Tenure
Twenty-Third Amendment: Presidential Electors for the District of Columbia
Twenty-Fourth Amendment: Abolition of the Poll Tax Qualification in Federal Elections
Twenty-Fifth Amendment: Presidential Vacancy, Disability, and Inability
Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Reduction of Voting Age Qualification
Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Congressional Pay Limitation

Acts of Congress Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court of the United States

State Constitutional and Statutory Provisions and Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional on their Face or as Administered

Supreme Court Decisions Overruled by Subsequent Decision

Table of Cases


2004 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 29, 2004

2006 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 29, 2006

2008 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 26, 2008

Supplements in progress; Articles I-VII complete. Amendments complete through Fourth Amendment.

Original document on the Government Printing Office web site

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