As the report notes, economists are not entirely sure what has caused the shift. One factor seems to be the so-called skills gap — the slow growth in educational attainment in recent decades, even as the economy has become more technologically advanced.
This whole bushwah about “skills shortfalls” is, well, bushwah.
There are millions of jobs out there that don’t require anything special in the way of skills, not the way the NYT is using the term here. Why on earth would you need a college degree to be a plumber, an auto mechanic, a janitor, a keyboarder, and so forth?
If you set the required “skill level” for any particular job at an artificially high level, then of course you’ll have a “shortfall” of people with the requisite (unnecessary) skills.
This is only a mystery to baffled progtards.